Aborto

¿Estás pensando en la pastilla para abortar? Esto es lo que puedes esperar.

A pesar de que la píldora abortiva (también conocida como medicamento o aborto con medicamentos) ha sido aprobada por la FDA durante casi 20 años y es 98% eficaz, todavía hay mucha desinformación y ansiedad sobre si funciona. No se preocupe: ¡Carafem siempre está aquí para ayudarlo a superar los efectos secundarios de las píldoras abortivas!

¿Te da curiosidad saber qué es lo que realmente sucede cuando tomas la pastilla para abortar? o ¿Cómo es que alguien puede saber si el aborto ya se completó? Echa un vistazo a algunas preguntas que escuchamos con frecuencia para saber que puedes esperar si tu o alguna amiga está tomando la pastilla abortiva. 

1. ¿Qué sucede cuando tomas la pastilla abortiva (también conocida proceso de aborto con medicamentos)?

La pastilla abortiva es realmente una combinación de dos tipos de pastillas (mifepristona y misoprostol) las cuales se toman en secuencia. En los Estados Unidos éstas se utilizan con mayor frecuencia antes de las 11 semanas de embarazo. 

La primera pastilla, mifepristona, bloquea la hormona necesaria para que el embarazo continúe desarrollándose. La mayoría de las personas ingieren esta pastilla en nuestro consultorio. Muy pocas personas presentan un poco de sangrado vaginal después de tomar la mifepristona, pero no es algo común

La segunda pastilla, misoprostol, causa cólicos y sangrado vaginal de esta manera el embarazó abandonará tu cuerpo (similar a un aborto espontáneo). Por lo general, esta pastilla se toma en casa 72 horas después de haber tomado la primera pastilla. 

Most people start to see cramping and bleeding within about an hour after taking the misoprostol, though some take longer. It’s normal to feel chills, nausea or even have diarrhea along with bleeding and cramping while your body is pushing the pregnancy from your uterus.

It’s kind of like having a really heavy, crampy period along with mild flu-like symptoms. It is good to have some thick overnite type maxi pads ready along with a heating pad to help with cramping. carafem provides anti-nausea and pain medication to help handle these symptoms.

Para la mayoría de las personas, el sangrado más abundante y los cólicos se terminan una vez que el embarazo ha finalizado, por lo general, dentro de 3-4 horas. Es importante contemplar la posible continuación del sangrado vaginal después de cualquier tipo de aborto. Algunas tienen un leve sangrado vaginal que dura hasta el comienzo de su próximo periodo, que generalmente ocurre entre 4 y 6 semanas. 

2. ¿Qué debo esperar después de que se complete el aborto?

How you feel during and after a medication abortion varies from person to person. You may feel tired or crampy for a day or so, and you’ll have bleeding and spotting for a while. Most people go back to normal activities a day or two after a medication abortion.

You can go back to work, school, driving, and most other normal activities the next day if you feel up to it. You may want to lay off on hard work or heavy exercise for a few days, so pay attention to how you are feeling and make sure to eat nutritious food and get plenty of fluids until you feel back to normal.

The good news is that most of the symptoms of pregnancy, like nausea and tiredness, get much better or even go away within as little as 48 hours.

3. ¿Cómo saber si la pastilla abortiva funcionó? 

First, it is important to understand that having an abortion with medication is a process, and everyone’s body reacts differently. It takes time for the uterus to empty and for the abortion to be complete. Cramping means that your uterus is contracting, and is actually a good sign that the medication is working. It is normal for the bleeding and clotting to continue for 1 to 3 weeks or even longer. 

If you know you had bleeding and passed some blood clots, that is a good indication that the medicine is working. Relief from symptoms of pregnancy is a good sign as well.

An abortion with medications is very effective and fails less in less than 2% of all cases but in order to know for sure the abortion is complete, you can return to our office for a follow-up visit.

You can also take a home pregnancy test, but it’s good to remember a urine test will often still show a positive result for several weeks. It is suggested that you wait for at least 3 weeks before taking a home pregnancy test.

4. ¿Cómo afecta a mi cuerpo el tomar la pastilla para abortar? 

Despite some of the misinformation out there, taking the abortion pill will not have any long-term effects on your body. In fact, most people feel physically fine shortly after an abortion. Some people feel like they can return to everyday activities right away, and others need more rest (no one’s judging you when you click “Keep Watching” on Netflix — trust us!).

Many people have light bleeding or spotting for up to a couple of weeks or so after their abortion. You may want to avoid heavy physical activity or exerting yourself too much during that time until your bleeding has stopped. Eating healthy food and staying hydrated can help too. You should plan to do what your body tells you to do. 

Important to note, taking the abortion pill no va a increase your risk for breast cancer or affect your fertility. Abortion is very safe and doesn’t cause problems with future pregnancies and doesn’t negatively impact your physical or mental health. These are common myths that are not backed by medical evidence.

5. ¿Existen efectos secundarios con la pastilla para abortar? 

Bleeding and cramping are normal during a medication abortion and are signs that the medicines are working. The day you take your second set of pills, you may want to take some time off work or school so you can be as comfortable as possible.

Many people want to be close to a private bathroom as the effects of the medication may include heavy bleeding and diarrhea. Some people also prefer to take the second set of medications in the evening after others at home have gone to bed for additional privacy.

During your abortion, you will likely see some blood clots, which is normal — as long as they are no bigger than a lemon. Other side effects may include nausea, chills, diarrhea, a slight increase in temperature, and some dizziness. Your clinician will give you medication to help you manage these effects and keep you comfortable. A heating pad or hot water bottle helps a lot.

Most people do just fine.

6. ¿Cómo se siente un aborto? ¿Física y mentalmente? 

The big question that everyone wants to know about abortion pill side effects is, does an abortion hurt? We wish we could give you a definitive answer but the truth is that having an abortion feels different for everybody — just like how periods are different for everybody.

It can be painful or just a little uncomfortable. Everyone reacts differently. Thousands of people have successfully used this method of abortion for the last 20 years. Your carafem health care team can help you to feel prepared to better handle this experience.

For most people, medication abortion physically feels like having an early miscarriage or a heavy period with mild flu-like symptoms. You could have cramping and aches in your belly, heavy bleeding with large blood clots, an upset stomach or vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, tiredness, and mild fever (99-100° F) or chills on the day you take the misoprostol.

When should you call your health center?

If you don’t have any bleeding within 24 hours after taking the second medicine, call your health center to check in about what to do next. Some people respond well after an additional dose of misoprostol. If at any time you have very heavy bleeding or have flu-like symptoms that are getting worse instead of better after 24 hours, call your doctor or health center right away. Don’t worry, carafem will provide pain medication and anti-nausea medication to help you to manage these possible effects.

Don’t forget to take care of your mental health as well!

Mentally, people can have a range of emotions after having an abortion. Most people feel relief, but sometimes people feel sad. You might have a mixture of many emotions. This is totally normal and there isn’t a right or wrong way to feel. If your mood keeps you from doing the things you usually do each day, it’s okay to call a healthcare provider for help.

There are also many organizations that provide confidential emotional support, like Exhale, All-Options, y Connect & Breathe, a las cuales puedes acudir si deseas hablar con alguien o enviar un mensaje de texto a alguien sobre tu experiencia personal de tu aborto. 

7. Read our guide on after-abortion care & recovery tips!

Our team put together an excellent guide on after abortion care with symptoms to watch for & helpful abortion recovery tips. Now that you know some of the symptoms you might experience during your abortion, you’ll want to read up on our tips for how to take care of yourself after an abortion. You’ll learn about any lingering symptoms to be aware of, the best self-care tips to make you more comfortable, and we even provide a list of helpful self-care activities complete with our Reproductive Power Jams playlist.

Información sobre el aborto en que Puedes Confiar

Los estándares y lineamientos médicos de carafem han sido redactados y aprobados por La Junta de Médicos Ginecólogos-Obstetras como parte del Comité Médico. ¿Aún tienes preguntas? Revisa nuestra página de preguntas frecuenteso llámanos al (877) 708-5064o encuentra una ubicación cerca de ti.

En carafem, estamos listos para brindarte mucha información para que sepas qué esperar durante cada paso del proceso de aborto con medicamentos. Llámanos al 1-(877) 290-2017 o encuentra tu ubicación más cercana para agendar una cita. ¡Tú tienes el control y nosotros estamos aquí para ayudarte!